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Number 1 Shimbun


NUMBER 1 SHIMBUN 2017 (109)

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January 2017 (10)
January 2017



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January 2017

From the archives:
Trump makes a Tokyo visit

Voices of 2016
Quotes from Club speakers

2017: Something to Crow About
Correspondents' predictions for the year ahead

Profile: Abigail Leonard
In search of untold stories . . . by Tim Hornyak

A Change in the Air(waves)
New technologies and viewing habits . . . by Gavin Blair

Is the Government Blind to Japan's Impoverished?
Activists speak on the country's disadvantaged . . . by Julian Ryall

Vaccine Battle Stakes are High
A drug, news headlines and a libel lawsuit . . . by Justin McCurry

Someday Going Back Home

photographs of Syrian refugee children by Natsuki Yasuda

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library


Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA


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February 2017 (9)
February 2017



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February 2017

From the archives:
The Maestro with the Baton

Journalism Enters the Matrix
The new visual technologies . . . by Michael Penn

Difficult Conceptions
The pregnancy struggle in Japan . . . by Sonja Blaschke


Profile: Andy Sharp
Beating tight deadlines for Bloomberg  . . . by Gavin Blair

The "Kabuki" of Donald Trump and the Auto Industry
A look at the real story . . . by Roger Schreffler

Welcome to the Post-truth World
Fake news isn't the only problem . . . by Ayako Mie


Olympic Press Center Under Fire
Another 2020 mix-up . . . by Julian Ryall

Exhibition: Dojo Giga
Paintings by Bujinkan Dojo Soke, Masaaki Hatsumi

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

New Members/New books in the library


Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA


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March 2017 (8)
March 2017



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March 2017

From the archives:
Catalyst for Change
by Charles Pomeroy

Excerpts from Press Freedom in Contemporary Japan

Growing Pains: How Japan's Media Got Here and Why
by Koichi Nakano

Trials in the Shadows
by Lawrence Repeta and Yasuomi Sawa

Profile: Yoichi Yabe
A nautical photographer on his profession . . . by Tyler Rothmar

Women Power the Reconstruction of Kitakami
Some good news from Tohoku . . . by John R. Harris

Who was Kim Jong-nam?
by Justin McCurry

Exhibition: Fukushima Photographic Journey

Photographs by Bruce Osborne

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

New Members/New books in the library


Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA


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May 2017 (10)
May 2017


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May 2017

Showa Memories

From the archives:
The Man with the Baton
by Charles Pomeroy

Trouble, Rubble, Toil and Bubble
The media fascination with the Showa era . . . by Mark Schreiber

What's in a Word
The meaning of sontaku . . . by Eiichiro Tokumoto


Profile: Bruce Osborn
by Abigail Leonard

The Emperor's Buon Viaggio
Traveling with the press pack . . . by Stefano Carrer

When We Targeted North Korea

The crisis in 1969 . . . by Todd Crowell

Exhibition: Made in Tokyo
Photographs by Carla Hernandez

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library


Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA
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June 2017 (10)
June 2017



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June 2017

Water Control

From the archives:
Economic Reform Advocate
by Charles Pomeroy

Salute to the Gaijin Ghetto Rats
Memories from the old Nikkei Building residents . . . by Bradley K. Martin

Rebellion in the Valley of the Fireflies
Local protests have halted dam construction, for now . . . by Sonja Blaschke


Profile: Sarah Birke
by Julian Ryall

The Kyoto Classroom: Writers and the Kansai Aesthetic
A different perspective . . . by Eric Johnston

The New Japan Times

Reborn at 120 . . . by Gavin Blair

Exhibition: Being There
Photographs by Michael E.J. Stanley

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library


Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA


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July 2017 (9)
July 2017



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July 2017

From the archives:
Japan's Favorite Optimist
by Charles Pomeroy

Best Frenemies: Japan vs the UN
Government spokesmen challenge UN statements
. . . by David McNeill

"I Love Linda"
A post-war TV star was discovered at the Club tables . . . by Eiichiro Tokumoto


Profile: Kazunori Takada
Bloomberg's Tokyo bureau chief . . . by Justin McCurry

Scoop! Team Work
An Australian correspondent's China gambit . . . by Gregory Clark

A New Owner for the Japan Times
 by Tim Hornyak

Exhibition: Agion Oros Athos
Photographs by Hirohito Nakanishi

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library


  Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA


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August 2017 (9)
August 2017



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August 2017

From the archives:
The enduring politician and ambassador
by Charles Pomeroy

If . . .
Could the Vatican have helped stop Hiroshima
. . . by Eiichiro Tokumoto

When the journalist becomes the story
Some South Korean reporters had a tough decision . . . by Asger Rojle Christensen


Profile: Johann Fleuri
  . . . by Justin McCurry

The state of the fourth estate
A panel of journalists speak of the future . . . by Julian Ryall

Meet Watson, your non-human resources manager
 by Tim Hornyak

Exhibition: Temptation to express the sensation of riding waves
Photographs by NAKI

From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library


  Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA


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Write Hard to Live Free: The Pains and Joys of a Freelance Foreign Correspondent in Japan

Write Hard to Live Free: The Pains and Joys of a Freelance Foreign Correspondent in Japan 

by Jake Adelstein


Being a free-lance foreign correspondent and investigative reporter in Japan these days is a lot like being the private detective in the Dashiell Hammett novel, Red Harvest. You’re working for a newspaper editor who’s dead before you ever get to meet him (sounds like the newspaper business in general) and you have to struggle to get paid the money owed to you. You deal with gangs and thugs and crooked politicians, pitting them against each other, appearing to take work from anyone and at the end of the day, if you’ve brought someone to justice and you’re the last man standing: you’ve won. Collect your cash and go home. 


Actually, it’s not really like much like that at all, but I wanted to start this article with a hard-boiled simile. 


Jokes aside, making a living as freelance reporter in Japan these days is rewarding, but risky and unstable, and there are fewer and fewer of us doing it full time. 


There are a lot of reasons for that. The number of working journalists is decreasing every year, while the number of people working in public relations keeps going up. Newspapers and magazines that have bureaus in Japan or that will pay for stories from Japan keep declining in number. Time’s Tokyo Bureau closed years ago. Newsweek folded. Dow Jones culled a large number of senior reporters this year. Reuters hires and fires at a schizophrenic pace. Bloomberg downsized. CNN and CNBC are barely here. The Los Angeles Times bureau once existed but I can only barely remember it. It used to have an office in the Yomiuri Building,


To my delight from spring of 2015 until the fall of 2016, I was a special correspondent for the L.A. Times. Then the newspaper ran out of money. No more budget for Japan. 


Well, if you read the expose from the L.A. Times Guild (the labor union formed this year) it may not even be that they ran out of money – but rather that TRONC, Inc., the corporation running the newspaper into the ground, just sucks up all the profits and awards them to its executives, not the reporters. It certainly doesn’t spend more than it has to on paying for actual reporting. The problems at the Los Angeles Times are a microcosm of what’s happening all over the media – fewer and fewer people are asked to do more work with fewer resources. That’s the case for regular employees. 


I applaud the union for actually standing up for members’ rights as workers and against mismanagement. 


Maybe they’ll accomplish something. 


Maybe some rich philanthropist will buy the newspaper as Jeff Bezos of Amazon did with the Washington Post, and restore it to glory. 


And maybe I’ll do that job again if that happens. It was a great gig. 


Mark that word, gig. Martin Fackler, who tried freelancing for a while but has now returned to the New York Times, says the experience taught him that “Freelancers are the Uber drivers of the new journalism gig economy. Everything is on a transactional basis, with no benefits or guarantees. You get more freedom, but pay for it with lower living standards and no job stability – like the rest of the gig economy.”


I’ve been a journalist since 1993. Next year, I’ll have been doing it 25 years, a quarter of a century, more than half my life. At 48, I have now been a journalist half my life. 


Half of those years (12.5, to be exact) were spent working as a regular employee at the world’s largest newspaper. I was a reporter and a regular employee for life aka (seishain/正社員), with the promise of a pension, all my insurance covered, paid vacation with use of the company’s corporate vacation facilities, an actual expense account, a bonus twice a year and a stable income. Sure, I worked 80-hour weeks but I didn’t have time to think about the work-life balance because there was none. Life was work and since I liked the work – investigating, interviewing, writing – it worked for me. 


I’ve been working freelance since 2006. I’d like to say that it has gotten easier but in fact, even as you become well known, or relatively well known, life doesn’t get any easier. The joy of freelance work is that you can to some extent pick and choose the stories you want to write and who you write them for. The sadness of freelance work is that income is so unpredictable that you can’t really walk away from a gig and you have to pay constant attention to the news for a story that someone might want because it’s timely. 


I currently write regularly for the Japan Times, ZAITEN, the Daily Beast and Forbes. I write for other publications as well but those are my main gigs. And I’m happy to have them. 


However, to make my rent, I have to write a lot and I do part-time jobs. I do consulting work. I appear on Japanese television shows. I write short books and I write long books. I run a blog.  I am constantly hustling. 


Every day, I spend an hour or more reading newspapers and magazines in Japanese, looking for what may be a good story. I scan the articles and put them in a file. I make appointments and send out letters requesting interviews for the stories that I think are interesting. I answer email. I meet people in the afternoon, or attend press conferences. In the evening, I try to meet up with sources and maintain those relationships. I don’t have an expense account, so cheap bars and izakaya I like. If it’s an expensive place, I eat cheap somewhere first and then just have drinks. 


You don’t have job security as freelancer and sometimes you don’t even get respect. 


At least in Japan, you can get public health insurance, at an affordable rate. It’s one reason I can’t afford to leave Japan. That is a great perk of being a freelancer here. 


By the way, the term for non-regular correspondents in the industry is “stringer.” It makes you sound sort of like a barnacle. 


Below the stringer is “the fixer.” Fixers set up the meetings for the reporters coming to Tokyo, often doing the interpreting and translation of the materials. They are often not even credited for their work. 


I rarely do fixing for anyone but I will for one public radio station because their correspondent is great; she credits me for the work I do on a story. That’s nice. 


I’m not alone in struggling with the freelance life. Willie Pesek, author of Japanization: What the World Can Learn from Japan’s Lost Decades and recipient of the Society of American Business Editors and Writers prize for commentary also joined the freelance ranks this year. What he has to say is worth hearing: 


Six months into my freelance existence, the very first of my career, I’m struck by George Orwell’s observation: “The choice for mankind lies between freedom and happiness and for the great bulk of mankind, happiness is better.” Having a full-time journalism gig strikes me as a similar tradeoff. The certainty of a reliable paycheck, medical benefits and access to an HR department has its merits. But the liberty freelancing affords – who you write for, which topics, which arguments -– is its own joy after two decades with major news companies.


But the biggest pros of this existence -– like working when I want to -– can also be key drawbacks. The main challenge, I’m finding, is maintaining a reasonable life/work balance. At times, while juggling various writing assignments, my inclination is to work around the clock. Creating boundaries -– like closing the laptop and having a life –- is a work in progress for me. So is knowing when to say “when.” Quality and actually has never been more important in this Orwellian fake-new world, but the quantity imperative gets in the way. Part of the tension, of course, relates to making a living –- one’s natural reluctance to turn down writing assignments. Finding a balance is something all freelancers will struggle with more and more in the years ahead. It's a fact of this trade that quality comes first.


Then there’s the Tokyo problem. In my 15 years in Asia, I’ve always been a regional writer, which is proving to be an asset as a freelance. Lots of demand for columns for China, India, North Korea, the Philippines. Japan, not so much. Sadly, many overseas editors favor “weird Japan” items over, say, reality checks on Abenomics. But, hey, Tokyo is still a great, great city in which to live. The domestic story here, though, can be a hard sell. The Abe government using this latest electoral mandate to make big things happen would be the gift that keeps on giving for freelancers.


Willie, has a good point. Japan isn’t as important as it used to be. 


I kind of wish sometimes that I hadn’t focused so much on Japan. But I’m okay with that. In the end, I may be working more hours now than I did as a regular employee. And as any freelancer will tell you, you also have to spend a lot of time on social media, getting people to read your articles, responding to those who have read them. Now and then you have to munch on the trolls who plague anyone who writes about Japan in a critical way. 


Sometimes, people close to me ask me why I don’t change jobs. Here’s the best answer I can give. 


Japan is my home. I love Japan. My children are Japanese. Most of my friends live here. Many Japanese people here are hard-working, honest and polite. 


That doesn’t mean the society doesn’t have problems, such as child poverty, gender inequality and discrimination against: the handicapped, women, foreigners, especially Korean Japanese. Japan has a pestilent well-entrenched mob. There are nuclear dangers, staggering injustice in the legal system, repression of the free press, sexual assault on women with impunity for many assailants, rampant labor exploitation, death by overwork, and political corruption. Ignoring the problems doesn’t make them better. If you are offended by that, rethink your love of Japan.


I believe that journalism, especially investigative journalism, is a force for good and for maintaining a healthy society. It’s a vocation, not just a job. Sure some of the work is crappy, including writing about a series of crap-themed kanji instructional books for children—but you also get to do some enormous good.  


Weird as it sounds, this year I took the vows to become a Zen Buddhist priest and I am one now. Not full-time. 


It’s not easy being an investigative journalist and keeping the Ten Grave Precepts of a Soto Buddhist priest but there is a point where the two professions match up. 


To paraphrase the Hokukyo, this is what we do. 


Conquer anger with compassion.


Conquer evil with goodness.


Conquer trolls with humor and sarcasm.


Conquer ignorance with knowledge.


Conquer stinginess with generosity.


Conquer lies with truth.


The monetary rewards are not so great. Sometimes, the spiritual rewards make it seem like the best job in the world.


Freedom of the Press Awards Awards


Freedom of the Press Awards Awards
by Abby Leonard 

On the evening of September eleventh, some of Japan’s top journalists and journalism students gathered at the FCCJ for the Press Freedom and Swadesh DeRoy Scholarship awards ceremony. (Disclosure: This writer helped organize the event as Chair of the Freedom of the Press and Scholarship Committees.)

The ceremony comes at a critical time for Japan’s free press: Earlier this year, U.N. Special Rapporteur David Kaye said government pressure on media “requires attention lest [it] undermine Japan’s democratic foundations” and encouraged journalists to band together to protect their rights. Contest organizers said they hoped the event would give honorees the opportunity to do just that.

Japan Investigative Journalism Award

The Japan Investigative Award went to Haruhiko Yoshimura and Kenta Iijima, the Asahi Shimbun reporters whose diligent reporting resulted in perhaps the biggest scoop of the year: the Moritomo Gakuen scandal that ensnared Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his wife.

In February, the pair reported that the Shinto-based school group accused of promoting bigotry against Chinese and Koreans, had received illicit financial favors from Prime Minister Abe’s government. Their reporting revealed the group bought a piece of state-owned land at a fraction of its value to build a school where First Lady Akie Abe would be honorary principal.

Robin Harding, Financial Times Tokyo Bureau Chief and member of the Freedom of the Press Committee, said in introductory remarks that their reporting had, “driven the news agenda in Japan all year” and called it, “a fine example of what investigative reporting should be; not a grand project but reporting that came out of regular beat journalism – seeing something that didn't look right and asking, ‘where did the money go?’”

That question propelled their investigation, Yoshimura said in his acceptance speech, and when the Finance Ministry refused to explain the reduced land price, “it caused the flames of my passions as a journalist to rise up – something must be amiss.” He thinks there’s still more to the story and said he’ll continue to follow it.

Supporter of the Free Press Award

Makoto Watanabe, editor of the Waseda Chronicle and Tatsuro Hanada, Director of Waseda University’s Institute for Journalism, Japan’s first university-based center for investigative journalism, won the Supporter of the Free Press Award.

They established the institute two years ago to foster independent reporting and train a new generation of journalists to work outside Japan’s Keisha Club system. Students get experience at Watanabe’s Waseda Chronicle, a news site that has already broken big stories, including one that revealed Dentsu, one of Japan’s biggest advertising agencies, was paying for flattering news coverage. The site crowd-funds its projects but hopes to become sustainable in the model of Propublica, the Pulitzer Prize winning non-profit based in New York, and last month, it signed a collaboration agreement with Korea’s Newstapa, the first investigative reporting nonprofit in Northeast Asia.

Hanada said in his acceptance speech that the Chronicle, “has struggled in the Galapagos-like landscape of Japanese journalism to try to join the global movement of investigative journalists” but he hopes the award will bring it more recognition and credibility. And he credited the FCCJ with inspiring him to start the institute in the first place. Three years ago, he participated in a press conference at the club where he criticized the Asahi Shimbun for bowing to government pressure over its Fukushima Daiichi coverage and realized Japan could benefit from an entirely independent news organization.

Lifetime Achievement Award

The Lifetime Achievement Award highlighted a significant event in the history of Japan’s independent press. It went to Takashi Tachibana, introduced by Freedom of Press Committee member Bradley Martin as, “the reporter who may have started the investigative reporting movement we are celebrating.”

In 1974, Tachibana led a team of 20 journalists on an exhaustive investigation that exposed corruption by Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka, one of Japan’s most powerful post-war leaders. Other members of the Japanese press were slow to pick up the story because, as Newsweek reported at the time, “they had all been pressured or had too much to lose.“

That all changed when the Prime Minister appeared at a press conference at the FCCJ and foreign reporters grilled him about the allegations in Tachibana’s article until he walked out in anger. The Japanese press finally began to cover the story and, after six weeks of withering public criticism, the Prime Minister announced he would resign. Tachibana and his partner Takaya Kodama became known as the Woodward and Bernstein of Japan.

FCCJ member Gebhard Hielscher, who was at the 1974 press conference, handed Tachibana the award and thanked him for giving the foreign press the opportunity to ask Prime Minister Tanaka tough questions. Tachibana returned the compliment, saying that when his team wrote the article, investigative journalism didn't exist in Japan, so seeing foreign reporters ask the Prime Minister tough questions, “broke that dam and gave us the opportunity to really change journalism here.”

The club hopes to continue to cultivate that type of journalism by supporting the next generation of independent reporters, said Anthony Rowley, FCCJ First Vice President and member of the Freedom of the Press Committee, who introduced the Swadesh DeRoy Scholarship Awards. He knew DeRoy personally and said it was because of his generosity that students could receive the substantial scholarships.

Swadesh DeRoy Scholarship: Pen Award

Trishit Banerjee tied for first place in the Pen category with Jennifer Lisa Wooden of Keio University. His winning entry looked at the challenges to entrepreneurship and social change in Japan and he said he plans to use the scholarship money to “create space for debate and discussion on campuses across Japan” through a student media group in collaboration with The Sentinel at Tohoku University.

Wooden, whose father was an Associate Member, said she grew up visiting the club, “eating apple pie and rum curry.” Judges commended her entry about women in Japan’s workforce, which she said she was inspired to write after seeing only male students go after jobs that would lead to management roles. She plans to pursue a career in business journalism and will use the award to pay for living expenses during her upcoming internship.

Swadesh DeRoy Scholarship: Video Award

The Video Award went to Nguỵen Chi Long, a medical doctor studying at Tohoku University whose entry was a cultural profile of the Tohoku region that was devastated by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. “When I tell people I spent time in Sendai, they Google it and see the tsunami,” he said. “So I want to use my talent for videography to tell people about its beautiful culture and I think I’ve been successful because most of my friends who saw the video immediately went to Tohoku when they visited Japan.” He said he plans to use the money to continue to produce videos that encourage tourism in the region.

Swadesh DeRoy Scholarship: Photography Award

The photography award went to a student photographer who covered a similar subject: Fuad Ikhwanda of Tohoku University photographed foreigners who found community in Sendai through social media following the earthquake. “This prestigious award makes me want to continue journalism and fund my future projects,” he said. The first of those, he said, will be a series on the rebuilding of a small Iwate fishing village.

Ikhwanda tied with a group of students from Chuo University led by Nonoko Aida, that photographed cenotaphs Japanese communities built after World War II to show gratitude to U.S. soldiers. The Chuo University students plan to use the award to publish a book on the project.

Cleansing a Country of Its Ethnic Minority


Cleansing a Country of Its Ethnic Minority 
by Monzurul Huq

What had been happening in the Rakhaine state of Myanmar since late August has attracted global attention, though who is saying what about the happenings depends much on a person's sense of belonging and how those sayings are interpreted tells a lot about our own stance as well.

International reactions to the events have not been even-handed. EU countries, for example, are at the forefront of crying foul and pointing fingers at the regime in Yangon, accusing the leadership for its gross violation of human norms, while Japan and China are taking a cautious standing, presumably for not upsetting the regime of a country where their economic interests are already predominant.

Contrary to that, even the Trump administration of the United States has shown a deep understanding despite its not so encouraging track record on matters related to human rights and dignity of small nations.

As the debate in the international arena continues, so has the plight of the Rohingya people. More than half a million Rohingya Muslims have already crossed the border and taken shelter in Bangladesh, while back at home their abodes are being systematically burned, destroyed and looted by those close to the military and the regime.

How this situation is supposed to be defined is another aspect of the debate, which has continued since the beginning of the latest cycle of atrocities. The Nobel laureate and firebrand political leader of the past, known for her determination to stand firm against intimidation and injustice, is telling the world repeatedly that nothing wrong. Yet, people of the Muslim minority are fleeing from parts of her country to save their lives.

Her fellow citizens of Burmese ethnicity agree with her stance and denounce all who say something abnormal is going on in the region where the Rohingyas live. The Burmese majority, meanwhile, is also accusing the foreign media of fabricating "fake news" of an immense scale. However, those who are risking their lives by taking the dangerous route of crossing the border illegally just to avoid being caught by the security forces for being on the wrong side of the ethnic divide - and for telling the stories of rape, murder and arson.

Yet, the government of Myanmar wants to sell its own version of the story of what has been happening and specifically that law enforcement officials were attacked in the line of duty by a group of armed miscreants of specific religious origin.

Meanwhile, the United Nations human rights chief described the incident as a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”, while the UN Secretary General termed the brutal repression of Rohingya minorities of Myanmar simply as genocide.

Genocide or not, what has been happening in the Rakhaine state is a matter of grave concern. It is true that the current cycle of violence was ignited after a series of armed attacks initiated by a group said to have a close link with Islamic extremism. To retaliate, the Myanmar army has targeted the civilian population of the minority group that has already been facing systematic repression by the regime.

The government of Myanmar claims that the Rohingyas are not a nationality, but just intruders who had crossed the border and settled illegally to reap the benefit of the country's “good life".

But historical records and reality do not match that interpretation. Rohingyas have always been living in the part of country which in the old days was known as the Kingdom of Arakan, which in the past had a closer link with Bengal rather than with Burma. The Arakan mountain range constitutes the natural boundaries dividing the Burmese living in the east with others who dwell in the western region.

In old days, it was much easier for the Arakanese to travel to Bengal as there was no need to cross the mountain barriers. This interlink obviously resulted in a closer intermingling as some from the adjacent region of Bengal settled down in Arakan. This happened over the period of centuries and might have been intensified when the whole region was under British domination. The Myanmar government suddenly decided in 1982 to brand the Rohingyas as "outsiders" and deprived them of their citizenship.

Since then Rohingyas have been forced into the status of stateless people in the country where they had been living for generations. From then on, many of those stateless people were forced to move to specially designated camps where the situation is hardly better than concentration camps.

Myanmar’s transition to democratic rule raised hopes that the Rohingya issue might at last find a decent solution acceptable to all concerned. It was more because at the helm of that transition was the lady who had earned the respect of the global community for showing true fighting spirit in extremely adverse situation.

But that expectation has now turned out to be a shattered one as under her leadership the Myanmar administration seems to have come to its own conclusion about the “final solution”, which is to drive the entire people out of the country and make the place free of any trouble makers, forgetting the fact that when we devoid a whole population of any other choice, the only door that remains open to them is to take up arms and defend themselves.

Aung San Suu Kyi may have brought the Nobel Peace Prize to her country, but bringing actual peace is proving far more difficult.

It's Tokyo Motor Show time - again


No1-2017-10 Kawamoto

It's Tokyo Motor Show time - again
by Roger Schreffler

Tokyo - In October 1993, Bob Lutz, a former top executive at Chrysler Corp., spoke at the club during the Tokyo Motor Show week. He complained about the Japanese auto market not being open.

This came as no surprise to anyone in the audience who had followed the running commentary from the U.S. dating back to the 1970s and the Arab oil embargo, which triggered several unintended consequences.

Among them: American consumers, stuck in lines at the pump, gave Japanese ‘shit boxes’ a look (shit boxes referring to how some in the U.S. characterized the first wave of Japanese cars to enter the market). By the time the second ‘oil shock’ occurred in 1979, resulting in more long lines at the pump, American consumers turned away from Detroit’s Big Three automakers to buy fuel-efficient cars (no longer a subject of derision) from Japan.

Then in 1985, the Plaza Hotel Agreement, which led to the devaluation of the dollar against other major currencies including yen, triggered a transpacific migration of Japanese automakers to the U.S. to build cars. It turned out, at least in the auto sector, that Japanese sales grew (combined imports and locally produced) with no significant Big Three gains in Japan.

Lutz, at the time Chrysler’s vice chairman in charge of just about everything related to cars including marketing, sales and product development, took the party line in delivering his message. The market isn't open.

One week later, as the show was winding down, Honda Motor Co. president Nobuhiko Kawamoto came to the club and was asked to respond to Lutz’s specific assertion that if the market were more open Jeep sales would be substantially higher. Jeep was Chrysler’s subsidiary.

Not missing a beat, Kawamoto responded by urging Lutz “to drive his cars around Japan and he would find the answer himself.”

Kawamoto delivered his zinger in almost perfect English. The audience laughed. Kawamoto was widely quoted. And more importantly, he was mostly right.

Big American cars, regardless of whether they were gas-guzzlers or had the steering wheel on the left side rather than the right as all domestic cars, were not suited for the narrow roads in Japanese urban areas.

Moreover, BMW, back in the mid-1980s, had largely debunked the myth that foreign carmakers couldn’t sell cars in Japan. Some could: the Germans. Some couldn’t: almost everybody else, although the trade imbalance with the U.S. was greater than the rest of the world combined.

It went on like this for another decade. The club even provided a platform for Andrew Card (four times), who went on to become George W. Bush’s chief of staff but in the 1990s was a spokesman for the U.S. auto industry.

Which isn’t the point of this report.

The 45th edition of the Tokyo Motor Show kicks off on Saturday, Oct. 28. It will run for nine days through Sunday, Nov. 5. Press and preview days will be held Oct. 25 through Oct. 27.

Whether or not the club lands any corporate VIPs is beyond the purview of this report. But one thing is almost certain, we won’t be hosting any luminaries from the U.S. since the Big Three sans Chrysler (now Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V.) pulled out of the Tokyo show nearly a decade ago.

Rightly or wrongly, the Tokyo Motor Show has lost some of its luster. This is no fault of the Japanese auto industry which still ranks among the best if not the best.

But following several decades of pounding, including by the current U.S. president, Donald Trump, the industry has gone global and shifted more than 60% of production outside Japan. This compares to less than 15% in the early 1990s.

As a result, another unintended consequence: Japanese automakers want to show their stuff in Frankfurt, Paris, Detroit and Shanghai. And if they want to promote an environmental car, Los Angeles is as good a place as any to do the unwrapping.

Tokyo also must now compete with other industry trade shows as consumer interest in electric cars and autonomous driving has grown. Thus, Nissan Motor Co. has been a regular participant at CEATEC in Japan and the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.

A bigger potential problem is changing demographics. Younger Japanese, unlike their fathers and grandfathers, are less interested in owning a car.

The first Tokyo Motor Show was held in Hibiya Park in 1954 when the Japanese auto industry was still in its infancy and names like Datsun, Prince Motors and Toyopet were prominent. Honda had yet to build its first car, and three-wheeled trucks by Daihatsu Motor Co. and Toyo Kogyo Co. (predecessor to Mazda Motor Corp.) outsold cars by a factor of three to one.

This year’s venue will be Tokyo Big Sight.

Expect to see Nissan’s new Leaf electric car and try to find out why it didn’t meet the competition (the Chevrolet Bolt) with respect to driving range. The Leaf came up short by more than 80 miles (128 km).

Or why Toyota, the world’s leading producer of fuel cell cars, still thinks it can sell 30,000 units - annually! - in 2020 or 2021?

And even with the Americans absent, most of Europe’s biggest names - BMW, Mercedes, Audi, Volkswagen and PSA - will be present. So will more than 90 manufacturers of components including all of Toyota’s major ‘keiretsu’ suppliers, still among the world’s best.

There are worse ways to spend a couple of days.

Exhibition: "Glitter and Sparkle"


No1-2017-10 Exhibit

Exhibition: "Glitter and Sparkle"

As a child, looking up in the sky, saw an ocean full of stars, amazed by the size of the universe, but still couldn't reach out to pick a single twinkling object to fill my pocket.

I couldn't forget the beauty of the night, glaring in the sky.
I soon realized that realistically, I could put the stars in my pocket if I take a photo and keep the beautiful images everlasting.

I photo both the heavenly images and the scenery simultaneously and display "Glitter and Sparkle".

"Glitter and Sparkle" are pure and naive actions of emotions.
I know that feelings are all different with one another, but I wanted to created these photos hoping that viewers bring back their childhood memories of excitements which we've all forgotten.

Luminous Kazuhiko Sato
born January 7th, 1972

As a child, I was interested in music and photo.
Since 19, I have been actively making video footage and I'm still doing it for a living.
3 years ago, I encountered a traffic accident, almost losing my life and since then, a strong feeling flooded me of recreating what I saw in my childhood days and express the importance of "Living Who You Are" thus life can be terminated at a snap of finger.

I wanted to share with the public with a theme that "glitter and sparkle can motivate excitement". That is why I chose the Japanese word "Kirameki" to show both the stars and scenery and bringing back the excitement.

Club News



Regular Members
Emiko Jozuka, CNN
Takayuki Kasuya, Nippon Television Network Corporation

Associate Members
Isao Suzuki, PRAP Japan, Inc.
Takayoshi Sato, PRAP Japan, Inc.
Akira Sato, LINCCS Japan
Ikuo Yasuda, Pinnacle Inc.
Takenari Yamamoto, S&P Global Ratings Japan Inc.

Reinstatement (Associate)
Isao Saito, U & IHR Consulting


No1-2017-10 JozukaEmiko

Biography of Ms. Emiko Jozuka (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ):


Emiko Jozuka is a Digital Producer at CNN International in Hong Kong. Before CNN, she covered business, culture, technology and science at WIRED magazine then VICE Motherboard where she produced video and launched one column on Japan and another on the intersections of technology and development.

From 2010 to 2012, she lived in Istanbul, Turkey, where she worked for the Hurriyet Daily News and Economic Review contributing articles and video. In 2011, she freelanced from the predominantly Kurdish region of southeast Turkey, covering the Kurdish issue as well as other cultural, human rights and environmental topics. Emiko also wrote on the repercussions of the conflict in Syria from along the Turkish-Syrian border. Outside of journalism, she worked as a script developer and production staff in the indie Kurdish film scene.

Emiko was born in Japan but educated in the UK. She has a degree in French, Spanish and Portuguese (language, literature and film) from Cambridge University and a masters degree in anthropology from Oxford University. She is fluent in English, French, Spanish and Turkish, and proficient in Japanese.


No1-2017-10 Kasuya

Biography of Mr. Takayuki Kasuya,


Board Director, Operating Officer,
Chief Commentator, News
Nippon Television Network Corporation

1960: From Tokyo
1983: Graduated from Waseda University and joined NTV
1998: London bureau director, cover Blair's regime and Kosovo conflict etc.
2003: Managing Director, Political news department
2010: Executive Commentator, News, appear on "news every", "NEWS ZERO" etc.
2012: Divisional President, News
2015: Operation Officer, Divisional President, Media strategy planning and Development
2016: Board Director, Operation Officer, Chief Commentator, News.
Exclusive interview with Russian President Vladimir Putin.


New in the Library


New in the Library

Ghosts of the Tsunami
Richard Lloyd Parry
Jonathan Cape
Gift from Richard Lloyd Parry

Building Japan, 1868-1876
Richard Henry Brunton

Everything Under the Heavens: How the Past Helps Shape China's Push for Global Power
Howard W. French
Scribe Publications

A Tokyo Anthology: Literature from Japan’s Modern Metropolis, 1850–1920
Sumie Jones (ed.); Charles Shiro Inouye (ed.)
University of Hawaii Press

Japanese Reflections on World War II and the American Occupation
Edgar A. Porter; Ran Ying Porter.
Amsterdam University Press



Tributes to Richard Pyle



I met Pyle in the early ‘80s when he came to Tokyo to be Asia News Editor. At first we were compatriots more than friends. He’d eye me with that baleful stare, over a table at the main bar of the Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan. Mephistopheles, I thought.

We circled each other like wary dogs for quite a while. I was at the small party when Richard took his last drink.

Our friendship followed and deepened. We talked Nam, where he’d spent five times as long as I did. We talked words and punctuation and style, all dear to us both. Soon Richard joined the AP pantheon of True Gentlemen of the East I was privileged to know in Tokyo: Roy Essoyan, Max Desfor, John Roderick, and Ed White.

In the ‘90s we repatriated, Richard to the East Coast, me to the West. We were kilometers from each other during the Persian Gulf War, Richard in Dhahran, me near the Iraq border in Saudi.

We stayed in Telex touch after that, then email, then phone.

We met in person again in March 2010 at the Overseas Press Club’s ‘Japan Hands’ event in midtown Manhattan.  Pyle helped plan it. Some 80 hacks and their spousal units showed up. Bill Holstein of the OPC asked me to talk about covering Japan in the ‘70s and ‘80s—‘what you can remember of it.’

With beaucoup inputted help I spoke about stories and newsies from those decades, including an almost annual attempt by Pyle to get elected president of the Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan—probably the only thing he never achieved in our business. My line, ‘He was the Harold Stassen of Japan,’ got laughs, mainly from Richard.

I treasure a photo from that gig. It shows me rearing back, laughing, as Terry Anderson listens to a tale told by my WSJ successor in Tokyo, Urb Lehner, as Pyle watches us all, ready to correct a fact or improve a phrase.

In September of that year, as executive editor of the Merced Sun-Star, I was able to reprint Pyle’s extraordinary story about covering 9/11, first from Brooklyn, then from as close to Ground Zero as he could walk. We published several photos from his wife Brenda Smiley. They both were gratitude.

We emailed a few times a month, writing about everything from the correspondent who rode to Custer’s last stand to Richard’s obit of Hugh Mulligan to a note I’d sent to Ed White just before he died to Richard’s namesake Ernie.  -  Richard and I talked off and on after that. The last time was in January. I interviewed him for AARP Magazine for a piece called ‘Battlefield Buddies.’ It was about Richard’s friendship with photographer Larry Burrows, killed when his chopper was shot down over Laos. The story runs in the October/November issue.

Now I am sad that it will serve as one of his obits.

And that -17- at the top? Pyle taught me that. It means ‘All Hands.’  All hands will miss Richard Pyle.

Michael “Buck” Tharp – FCCJ President 1989-90



Pyle was smitten with Brenda. He loved it when I gave her the nickname Cuisinart -- "not your ordinary blender." But he was loath to give up his freedom. So she wore an engagement ring from another guy until he'd thought through what it would do to him if she married the other fellow.

A classic love story!

Bradley K. Martin - Longtime Asia correspondent and former FCCJ Officer



“For all the talent – and no one was better at superb news writing – and for all the guts – he was the first to step forward for any hellish assignment – and for all the charm – the stories, the laughs, the smiles, simpatico, conspiratorial – for all of that, Richard Pyle was perhaps most cherished by many of us, friends and colleagues, for being so proud of and dedicated to his calling as a journalist and to his great news organization, The Associated Press, and for making the rest of us so much more so to both,” Charles Hanley, a retired AP Special Correspondent and the author of the AP obituary for Richard, wrote to the Connecting newsletter distributed mainly among AP retirees and former AP news people.

These thoughts are shared affectionately by many of us who worked with him at the AP and elsewhere.

Last year, I visited New York from late August through early September on a book project about news agencies of the world. While in New York, I visited with Richard and Brenda at their Brooklyn apartment, and we had a nice dinner together at a nearby restaurant. Although he was having health problems and looked frail, his passion for journalism did not seem to have faded at all. We extensively talked about the current issues news media were facing.

We miss him. But his dogged dedication to the profession and infectious grin will live on with those who knew him.

Kazuo Abiko - Former AP general manager for Northeast Asia. FCCJ president in 2001-02



Like all of us, I was greatly saddened by the passing of Richard Pyle. He was a great friend, and if there is such a thing as a mentor in the AP, where newbies are usually just thrown in the deep end, he was mine. I met him in Tokyo, my first foreign assignment, when he became Asia News Editor in I think 1979.

Larger than life, most emphatic in expressing his disapproval when it was triggered (he once kicked a wastebasket clear across the newsroom, greatly startling our Japanese staff), he was equally generous with praise when earned. Richard was totally dedicated to the AP. 

He directed the coverage of the 1980 Kwangju insurrection in South Korea, and talked me out of resigning over a dispute with the Foreign Desk on attribution to another major story. He remained a friend and wise counselor for many years, long after I left the AP.

His love for the AP and his colleagues is, I think, clearly expressed in the many great obits he wrote for those who passed before him. He will be remembered as among the best the AP has produced.

Terry Anderson, former AP reporter and hostage in Lebanon 1985-91



Richard Pyle was a man of quick draw in both in his professional and his private life, and he acted with dexterity and fairness. And warmth. He was a journalist from head to toe who considered facts and simplicity as the most important traits of our trade. He was our member between 1979 and 1987.

I joined the club in 1981. Over the next few years I found myself sitting with Richard, Sam Jameson, Swadesh DeRoy, Roy Essoyan, KGB agents and many other guys at the middle one of the three correspondents tables – they were round back then as they are now -  for any journalist members to join other journos.  The table was always full and we often docked the other two tables to make room for people hungry to tell and hear stories.

Pyle always stole the show at the tables every night – well, in fact, almost every day from the lunch time to dinner time talking about the Hotel New Japan fire, earthquakes, the Iran-Iraq war and other global issues, over food and many drinks. At first I thought of him as a boozy foreign correspondent without much to do in his AP Tokyo bureau. How wrong I was: He was simply fast and efficient in pumping out stories and editing reporters' copy flooding in from all over Asia.

“Mr. Pyle loved to write and edit,” Kozo Mizoguchi, a former AP bureau reporter, told me. “He was incredibly fast at writing and editing. I believe he learned it from his Vietnam era experience.”

I, for one, had asked Richard to edit some of my copy. He was not only fast but had a mastery of dissecting and honing my not-so-clean copy for better reading using simple words and phrases. He never forgot the importance of readers' eyes.

Even though he sported a macho image for himself with his signature safari jacket and dark sunglasses, Richard exuded a charm about him that could not go unnoticed by lady friends.

At night around the middle round table, ladies would join us. One by one they'd be drawn closer to Richard from the far end of the table or even from other tables. He had many interesting stories to share with them.

In one of many such occasions, while Brenda Smiley was sitting at the table. I proposed a date to her a couple of days later, and she accepted it.  Elated, I stood by for her phone call in my office over the next days. It never came. Turned out that Richard had taken her out to Roppongi the very next night.

But instead of rivalry and animosity, I developed a liking for Richard and over years, our relationship developed into a strong friendship. I visited him and Brenda in New York many times over the years. Over his non-alcohol beer and real drinks for me and Brenda, we'd talk about a whole range of topics. We talked about New York and its city office. He was lukewarm about Michael Bloomberg as mayor and even more so about Bill de Blasio. But one topic he talked about with fond memories was his experience in Tokyo, particularly the Club. “It's the best press club in the world!” he would say.

By Toshio Aritake – Tokyo correspondent, The Bureau of National Affairs



Among the best of my times in Tokyo was sitting in the FCCJ bar with Richard Pyle, a carafe of white wine between us, soon to be replaced by another, simply shooting the breeze. We covered every waterfront under the sun, invariably starting and sometimes ending in Vietnam, which left such an indelible impression on him, as it had on so many others.

He was, above all, an old school journalist of the kind the AP used to churn out in droves, crusty, opinionated but a professional to the core. And he never lost the thrill of the hunt.

A quarter of a century after Tokyo, when Sully landed his crippled airliner on the Hudson River, it was Richard, in his late 70s, who hauled himself from his apartment in Brooklyn to be among the first on the scene to report on the dramatic rescue of all the flight’s passengers. It was a classic re-run of what he had done after 9/11 and before that, in the Vietnam War.

He had the memory of an elephant. About 10 years ago, the Financial Times asked me to write an obituary of the US spokesman who conducted what were known as the “five o’clock follies” press briefings in Saigon at the height of the war. There was little available information on him, until I called Richard. A raft of stories poured out, unobtainable elsewhere, and, just like that, I had my obit (I had the grace to attribute much of what I wrote to him).

But it was the carafes of white wine that linger most. Early in 1986, Richard decided to go teetotal, which could be seen as a personal decision, but it had wider consequences. Wine receipts at the bar dropped 50 per cent in the first month of his going dry. I knew this because I was President of the FCCJ at the time. It seemed to me the responsible thing for any president to do was try make up for the shortfall, even at the cost to my liver.

In fact I was only president partly because of Richard. The previous year it appeared the only two contenders for the position were two products of Detroit, Pyle and Mary Anne Maskery of NBC, both of whom I liked but who didn’t like each other very much. So I ran on a non-Detroit platform (not that I had anything against Motown per se) and won.

Mostly I remember Richard as a tough guy, but it was clear in Tokyo that the love of his life, the actress and writer Brenda Smiley, had smoothed some of the rougher edges. His eyes lit up when she walked into the club, with or without the carafe of white wine between us.

Jurek Martin (FCCJ president 1985-86)


Richard Pyle Remembered


No1-2017-10 Pyle

Richard Pyle Remembered / AP

AP legendary reporter and FCCJ Life Member Richard Pyle passed away in September.
Here follow tributes and reminiscences from his many friends and colleagues of one of the most outstanding wire service journalists of our time.

NEW YORK (AP) — Journalist Richard Pyle, whose long and accomplished Associated Press career spanned the globe and a half-century of crisis, war, catastrophe and indelible moments in news reporting, died Thursday September 30th at age 83.

He died at a hospital of respiratory failure due to lung fibrosis and obstructive lung disease, said his wife, actress-writer Brenda Smiley.

Pyle was there when President John F. Kennedy learned of the Cuban missile challenge and when President Richard Nixon waved goodbye to the White House, when the World Trade Center’s twin towers came down and when a Pennsylvania nuclear plant almost blew up, when the last Americans walked out of Hanoi’s war
prisons and when Desert Storm drove the last Iraqis from Kuwait.

Pyle was even there at age 75, dashing to the shoreline when Capt. Chesley B. Sullenberger’s jetliner made its lifesaving splash-landing in the Hudson River in 2009, the year Pyle retired after 49 years with the AP. In the end, Pyle was proudest of his Vietnam War coverage over five critical years, the last half as chief of the news organization’s Pulitzer Prize-winning Saigon bureau.

A journalist in the 1960s “couldn’t let this story go by,” he said. “It was the greatest story I’ve ever had.” 

AP’s executive editor, Sally Buzbee, on Thursday praised Pyle for the depth of his journalism. “Richard Pyle never lost his passion for great stories and never lost his insistence on strong, probing journalism,” Buzbee said.

“Years after he had retired, he buttonholed me at an event, wanting to know: ‘Were we committed to the journalism? Were we keeping AP focused on strong reporting? Were we screwing it up?’ It’s people like Pyle who are the conscience of a news organization like The Associated Press.” Former AP President Lou Boccardi described him as “a man for all seasons.”

“His career took him to distant places but we knew he would be at home anywhere,” Boccardi wrote. “He was an extraordinary guy who took pride in being an AP newsman and he made all of us better.” Richard H. Pyle was 10 years old in 1944 when he reported the D-Day invasion of France, papering the walls of his suburban Detroit home with bulletins gleaned from the radio. By his college days he knew his calling. After two years in the Army, he was graduated in journalism from Wayne State University in Detroit.

He first worked on a suburban newspaper, and then he joined the AP’s Detroit bureau in 1960. In October 1962, he was covering Kennedy in Michigan when the president broke off his visit and flew back to Washington as the Cuban missile crisis unfolded.

After stints at international editing desks in New York and Washington, he volunteered in 1968 to cover the conflict in Vietnam, where the gregarious, goateed Midwesterner joined an AP staff of stars, including writer Peter Arnett and photographers Horst Faas and Nick Ut, all Pulitzer winners.

The combat death of one colleague in 1971 would particularly weigh on Pyle, by then bureau chief responsible for an entire staff. The AP’s talented Henri Huet and three other photographers were killed when a South Vietnamese army helicopter was shot down in a remote area of Laos. Their remains were beyond retrieval, but Pyle vowed to get there someday.

More than 20 years later he received a call from the Pentagon’s missing-in- action search teams, seeking information, and by 1998 a team was headed to the crash site, accompanied by Pyle and former Saigon photo chief Faas.

They later described the mission in a book, “Lost over Laos.” No identifiable remains were found, but recovered shards of bone were interred at the Newseum, Washington’s journalism museum.

After a final big story, flying to Hanoi for release of the last American prisoners of war, Pyle plunged into a new assignment in Washington in 1973, beating all others in reporting the resignation of disgraced Vice President Spiro Agnew. He went on to cover the post-Watergate presidential transition from Nixon to Gerald Ford, while also being sent to report news beyond the Beltway, including Middle East wars and the Three Mile Island nuclear plant disaster.

Walter Mears, a former AP vice president, Washington bureau chief and national political writer who collaborated with Pyle on the Agnew exclusive, called him “a solid AP guy.” “He was a very good reporter who stuck with the story once he got a whiff of it,” Mears said.

In the 1980s, first as Asia news editor in Tokyo and then as a roving Mideast correspondent, Pyle covered scores of headline stories, from revolution in the Philippines to war in Lebanon and the Iran-Iraq conflict. Back home in 1990, he joined the AP’s New York bureau. But the Pyle byline still ranged far afield: He reported on such New York stories as mob boss John Gotti’s 1992 trial and the 2001 terror attack on the World Trade Center as well as the 1991 Gulf War and the 1999 Kosovo conflict.

Pyle also was the author of the 1991 book “Schwarzkopf,” on America’s Gulf War commander Norman Schwarzkopf, and co-author of “Breaking News: How the Associated Press Has Covered War, Peace, and Everything Else,” a 2007 history of the AP, a fit subject for someone who never tired of extolling the virtues of the news cooperative, whose reach he sensed with his first AP byline.

Reporting on a bid for a post office by a Michigan town named Hell, Pyle wrote a witty piece full of wordplay on the town’s name. Hours later his editor showed him a message from across the sea: “Detroit, your Hell, Michigan, getting smash play front pages London.”

“Jesus Christ,” he recalled thinking. “Does this happen every day?”
He was hooked and ready for a long run.


New in the Library

New in the Library

Nagasaki: The British Experience, 1854-1945

Brian Burke-Gaffney
Global Oriental

Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty (Paperback)
Bradley K. Martin
Thomas Dunne Books
Gift from Bradley K. Martin

15 Years in Afghanistan: The U.S. Military in Afghanistan As Seen Through the Eyes of Stars and Stripes Journalists
Terry Leonard (ed.)
Pediment Publishing
Gift from Stars and Stripes

Daitoryo o ayatsuru bankatachi: Himerareta mitsugetsu no hyakunen (1) (2)
Nomi Prins; Kiyomi Fujii (trans.)
Hayakawa Shobo
Gift from Nomi Prins

Shirosagi de shiru roshia: Gorubachofu
kara puchin made
Kazuo Kobayashi
Kamakura Shunjusha
Gift from Kazuo Kobayashi

Obei no shinryaku o nihon dake ga gekiha shita: Hannichi wa kiseki no kuni nihon eno shitto de aru
Henry Scott Stokes; Hiroyuki Fujita (trans.)
Goku Shuppan
Gift from Hiroyuki Fujita

Infomudo konsento:
Kanja no sentaku
Ruth R. Faden; Tom L. Beauchamp; Tadaaki Sakai (trans.); Yoichi Hata (trans.)
Misuzu Shobo
Gift from Tadaaki Sakai

Sekai o honro shitsuzukeru chugoku no nerai wa nanika: 2014-2015 nen
Rryoichi Hamamoto
Mineruva Shobo
Gift from Ryoichi Hamamoto




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