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Number 1 Shimbun

NUMBER 1 SHIMBUN 2017

NUMBER 1 SHIMBUN 2017 (109)

Children categories

January 2017 (10)
January 2017

 

   No1-2017-1Cover

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January 2017

From the archives:
Trump makes a Tokyo visit
 

Voices of 2016
Quotes from Club speakers


2017: Something to Crow About
Correspondents' predictions for the year ahead

Profile: Abigail Leonard
In search of untold stories . . . by Tim Hornyak


A Change in the Air(waves)
New technologies and viewing habits . . . by Gavin Blair


Is the Government Blind to Japan's Impoverished?
Activists speak on the country's disadvantaged . . . by Julian Ryall

Vaccine Battle Stakes are High
A drug, news headlines and a libel lawsuit . . . by Justin McCurry


Exhibition:
Someday Going Back Home

photographs of Syrian refugee children by Natsuki Yasuda


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library

  

Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

 

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February 2017 (9)
February 2017

 

   2017-02Cover

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February 2017

From the archives:
The Maestro with the Baton
 

Journalism Enters the Matrix
The new visual technologies . . . by Michael Penn


Difficult Conceptions
The pregnancy struggle in Japan . . . by Sonja Blaschke

 

Profile: Andy Sharp
Beating tight deadlines for Bloomberg  . . . by Gavin Blair


The "Kabuki" of Donald Trump and the Auto Industry
A look at the real story . . . by Roger Schreffler


Welcome to the Post-truth World
Fake news isn't the only problem . . . by Ayako Mie

 

Olympic Press Center Under Fire
Another 2020 mix-up . . . by Julian Ryall


Exhibition: Dojo Giga
Paintings by Bujinkan Dojo Soke, Masaaki Hatsumi


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

New Members/New books in the library

  

Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

 

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March 2017 (8)
March 2017

 

   No1-2017-03Cover

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March 2017

From the archives:
Catalyst for Change
by Charles Pomeroy


Excerpts from Press Freedom in Contemporary Japan

Growing Pains: How Japan's Media Got Here and Why
by Koichi Nakano


Trials in the Shadows
by Lawrence Repeta and Yasuomi Sawa



Profile: Yoichi Yabe
A nautical photographer on his profession . . . by Tyler Rothmar


Women Power the Reconstruction of Kitakami
Some good news from Tohoku . . . by John R. Harris


Who was Kim Jong-nam?
by Justin McCurry


Exhibition: Fukushima Photographic Journey

Photographs by Bruce Osborne


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

New Members/New books in the library

  

Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

 

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May 2017 (10)
May 2017

   No1-2017-05Cover

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May 2017

Collections:
Showa Memories

From the archives:
The Man with the Baton
by Charles Pomeroy

Trouble, Rubble, Toil and Bubble
The media fascination with the Showa era . . . by Mark Schreiber


What's in a Word
The meaning of sontaku . . . by Eiichiro Tokumoto

 

Profile: Bruce Osborn
by Abigail Leonard


The Emperor's Buon Viaggio
Traveling with the press pack . . . by Stefano Carrer


When We Targeted North Korea

The crisis in 1969 . . . by Todd Crowell


Exhibition: Made in Tokyo
Photographs by Carla Hernandez


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library

  

Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA
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June 2017 (10)
June 2017

 

   No1-2017-6Cover

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June 2017

Collections:
Water Control

From the archives:
Economic Reform Advocate
by Charles Pomeroy

Salute to the Gaijin Ghetto Rats
Memories from the old Nikkei Building residents . . . by Bradley K. Martin


Rebellion in the Valley of the Fireflies
Local protests have halted dam construction, for now . . . by Sonja Blaschke

 

Profile: Sarah Birke
by Julian Ryall


The Kyoto Classroom: Writers and the Kansai Aesthetic
A different perspective . . . by Eric Johnston


The New Japan Times

Reborn at 120 . . . by Gavin Blair


Exhibition: Being There
Photographs by Michael E.J. Stanley


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library

  

Nissan1 Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

 

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July 2017 (9)
July 2017

 

   No1-2017-07Cover

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July 2017

From the archives:
Japan's Favorite Optimist
by Charles Pomeroy

Best Frenemies: Japan vs the UN
Government spokesmen challenge UN statements
. . . by David McNeill


"I Love Linda"
A post-war TV star was discovered at the Club tables . . . by Eiichiro Tokumoto

 

Profile: Kazunori Takada
Bloomberg's Tokyo bureau chief . . . by Justin McCurry


Scoop! Team Work
An Australian correspondent's China gambit . . . by Gregory Clark


A New Owner for the Japan Times
 by Tim Hornyak


Exhibition: Agion Oros Athos
Photographs by Hirohito Nakanishi


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library

  

  Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

 

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August 2017 (9)
August 2017

 

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August 2017

From the archives:
The enduring politician and ambassador
by Charles Pomeroy

If . . .
Could the Vatican have helped stop Hiroshima
. . . by Eiichiro Tokumoto


When the journalist becomes the story
Some South Korean reporters had a tough decision . . . by Asger Rojle Christensen

 

Profile: Johann Fleuri
  . . . by Justin McCurry


The state of the fourth estate
A panel of journalists speak of the future . . . by Julian Ryall


Meet Watson, your non-human resources manager
 by Tim Hornyak


Exhibition: Temptation to express the sensation of riding waves
Photographs by NAKI


From the President    Khaldon Azhari

Club News

New Members/New books in the library

  

  Ricoh NSK1
FCCJ - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

 

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From the Archives: The Maestro with the Baton

2017-02Archive

Famed conductor/composer/pianist Leonard Bernstein, cigarette in hand, addresses Club members on Sept. 5, 1974. Seated immediately to his left is FCCJ President Max Desfor (AP), who celebrated his 103rd year on this planet last year, and Jack Russell (NBC News), whose death in 2007 made the cover of this magazine. To his right is Bela Elias (Hungarian News Agency), FCCJ 1st VP. Bela, as Acting President while Max was on home leave, would introduce Japan’s Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka on Oct. 22 at a controversial event that resulted in Tanaka’s eventual resignation (see pages 206~210 in our history book).

Multi-talented, prodigious and versatile, Leonard Bernstein was an early paragon of American-born and educated talent who achieved worldwide acclaim as a pianist, composer, conductor and music lecturer. A long-time director of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra who conducted concerts with leading orchestras around the world, he is perhaps best remembered for West Side Story, a musical written in 1957 that bridged the gap between classical and popular music. A half-dozen musicals were to flow from his pen.

Eclecticism was characteristic of Bernstein, who drew on Jewish, theatrical and classical works for musical inspiration. Phenomenally creative, he wrote symphonies and other orchestral works, film scores and music for theatrical performances, operas, ballets, chamber music, choral music and music for piano as well as a wide range of incidental music. His lectures on classical music, which appeared regularly on television from the mid-1950s until his death, also reflected his eclecticism.

Bernstein’s prolific creativity won him over 20 major awards, including the Praemium Imperiale from the Japan Art Association in 1990. He donated the $100,000 prize to an international project for combining arts with education that took the form of a school in Tennessee some two years after his death. That same year, Bernstein was the key man in establishing the Pacific Music Festival in Sapporo as a hands-on prep school for musicians. (His Japan connection had started much earlier, however, when he boosted the career of Seiji Ozawa in the 1960s by appointing him as assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic.)

Bernstein was noted for his long-time social activism, including a 1970 event in his Manhattan apartment to raise money for the legal defense of the Black Panthers. Although that event gave rise to negative press coverage, and the derogatory term of “radical chic,” he maintained his intent was to preserve civil liberties, and his career did not suffer.

Two years after his Tokyo visit, he came out of the closet, announced his bi-sexuality, and left his wife to live with a male musical director in San Francisco. However, within a year or so his wife was diagnosed with lung cancer and he returned to her side, caring for her until her death in 1978.

“Lenny,” as he was known, after a long and successful career, retired from conducting on Oct. 9, 1990. Five days later, at the age of 72, he died of a heart attack, bringing an end to a most interesting life.

– Charles Pomeroy

 

From the Archives: Trump Makes a Tokyo Visit

 No1-2017-1Trump

 

Real Estate Developer – and as of Jan. 20, President of the U.S. – Donald Trump presents his views at a professional luncheon on Aug. 18, 1993. FCCJ President Lew Simons (Knight-Ridder) is seated next to him, smiling at the speaker’s remarks. Trump was on a swing through Asia to thank investors who had helped him during his financial crisis and to discuss potential retail projects. His comments were quoted in a New York Times article of the same date by Andrew Pollack, and included urging the U.S. to get “tougher” with Japan in its trade negotiations and calling past U.S. negotiators “morons” and “idiots.” The article also quoted him as saying that in trade negotiations America should be represented by a top businessman.

Donald J. Trump needs no introduction, but here’s a thumbnail sketch. He was born on June 14, 1946, in New York City and raised in a family entrenched in the real estate/construction business. From the early 1970s, when he took over the family’s business and renamed it the Trump Organization, he successfully expanded the company until becoming financially over-extended in the late 1980s after building resort casinos.

Trump’s dire financial situation was further aggravated when his wife, Ivana, discovered an affair and divorced him in 1992. (She reportedly received a $20 million settlement.) “The Donald,” as Trump had come to be known, however, made a successful comeback by the end of the 1990s, and went on to become a celebrity entrepreneur as the host of NBC’s hit show, “The Apprentice.”

Trump, too, had long been active in politics, supporting candidates from both major parties over the years. He considered running for the presidency in 2000 as a candidate from Ross Perot’s Reform Party and in 2012 as a GOP candidate, but bowed out of the race.

Little can be added to all that’s been said about Donald J. Trump over these many years and especially the last few months. His utterances have been sliced and diced by both opponents and supporters, with appropriate spin given by each side.

There is little doubt, however, that his inauguration this month will also bring major changes, domestically and internationally.

– Charles Pomeroy


Voices of 2016

Over the past year, the dais of the FCCJ hosted a wide variety of newsmakers – speakers who offered their views and opinions and answered probing questions about a wide variety of issues . . .

 

Jan. 14

“At projects I have done overseas, I’ve felt a very welcoming environment for architects from other countries. However, considering English communication issues and the very particular ways of proceeding with meetings and conferences, I think that there are still many aspects in which Japan could make more efforts to open its doors and make it a more welcoming environment for people from other countries to work in.”

Kengo Kuma Architect: On the conditions facing architects working in foreign countries

 

 

Feb. 8

No1-2017-1Hayano

“The effect of internal exposure to radiation in Fukushima is very much less than we initially feared, and right now is almost no problem . . . which was not the case after the Chernobyl accident.”

Ryugo Hayano Professor of Physics, University of Tokyo: On the radiation from the 3/11 meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

 

 

Feb. 17

No1-2017-1Sakurai

“Prior to the nuclear power plant disaster, the population of the town was more than 70,000. As a result of the disaster, however, it fell below 10,000. It has now recovered to the point where we have 57,000 residents in the town of Minami-Soma, but a lingering problem is that many young people have left – the working and child-rearing generation.”

Katsunobu Sakurai Mayor of Minami Soma: On the devastation suffered by his town from the 3/11 disaster

 

 

March 22

“The structural lack of data is something we hope to fill by using the power of ourselves. . . . From there we can have more informed dialogues and make more informed decisions. We strongly believe that data is the starting point, not opinion.”

Peter Franken Safecast volunteer citizen monitoring project: On data activism around Fukushima

 

March 24

No1-2017-1Kishi

“It is clear that what she said is against the Constitution and against the Broadcasting Law. If she doesn’t know them, then as a minister, she is disqualified. If she knew them and distorted the interpretation, then it is taking us a step closer to speech control.”

Shigetada Kishii News 23 commentator and special senior writer at the Mainichi Shimbun: On communications minister Sanae Takaichi’s comments about suspending the licenses of TV stations that didn’t follow the rules of fairness in covering politics.

 

April 4

“If I were Japanese, I would feel exposed, because so much is riding on the assumption that the U.S. will always be there. You can see from [Trump’s] election campaign that there is a current of thought in the U.S. that is asking, ‘Why should we always be there and what real interest do we really have? Why should we be facing off against China all the time.’ The fact that these questions are being asked suggests the possibility that America might not always be there.”

Clyde Prestowitz Author of Japan Restored: On Japan-U.S. relations

 

June 3

“HIS SPIRITUAL FATHER IS MAO TSE-TUNG. . . . I DON’T THINK HE CAN BE ANOTHER MAO, BUT HE HAS THIS AMBITION TO BE THE SECOND MAO.”

Wang Dan leader of Tiananmen democracy movement: On Chinese President Xi Jinping

 

Aug. 28

No1-2017-1relay

“While we were only able to achieve our medal in the relay this time, at the next Olympics I believe that all of us will be able to achieve a medal in the individual races as well.”

Aksa Cambridge Anchor, Japan’s Olympic Silver Medal-winning 4x100 relay team: On aspirations for the 2020 Olympics to be held in Tokyo

 

Aug. 31

No1-2017-1Koike

“Creating a transparent Tokyo Metropolitan Government is my main goal. Public information disclosure is the first step toward improving its transparency. I want to create two-way communication where we talk openly with Tokyo citizens about city government and city government affairs and invite frank feedback from third-party observers. I believe this is the way to run a city government that puts its citizens first.”

Yuriko Koike Governor of Tokyo: On her goals following her recent election victory

 

Oct. 27

No1-2017-1Pico

“My knee was hurting so I went to the hospital. I went to the restroom and when I was coming out, a woman was exiting the women’s room. Our eyes met. We kissed. It was instant love. She’s cute. She’s pretty. She looks like a piranha. She’s so charming with her teeth sticking out. Her name is Tami. Her hobby is peeling bananas, arranging the peels and taking photographs of them. She’s 78 years old.”

Pikotaro Comedian/media phenomenon: On his wife of two years

 

Nov. 22

No1-2017-1Curtis

“Putin is probably the only leader Russia has had or will have, for as far as we can see, who’s capable of giving up territory and getting away with it in terms of domestic Russian opinion. And Abe is the only prime minister that one can imagine in Japan who’s capable of settling for less than the return of all four islands. So you put these two together and you have the possibility of a deal.”

Gerald Curtis Professor of Political Science, Columbia University: On Japan/Russia relations

 

Nov. 24

No1-2017-1Pacquaio

“I’m not thinking about becoming president. My main focus is to change our country and help the president. The president and I are very close, and I honor him because he’s the only president who fights illegal drugs and this is an opportunity to bring back harmony and peace in our country.”

Manny Pacquiao Boxing world champion: On his political aspirations

 

All videos of these press conferences are available to watch on the Club’s YouTube channel: www.youtube.com/user/FCCJchannel

 

 

 

2017: Something to Crow About?

 

There were many sighs of relief heard around the world as the year 2016 came to a close, yet there is little evidence pointing toward a quieter 2017. The political upheavals from populist movements that shook the stability of such nations as the U.S. and Britain seem to be just the tip of the iceberg. And while a negotiated peace halted the long civil war that killed thousands and thousands of Colombians, the Middle East seems stuck in its cycle of warfare in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.

Japan, on the other hand, has been relatively quiet, and we wonder if this year will be the same. Will 2017 see a song sillier than PPAP? Will Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike’s strong stance against the runaway Olympic costs and toxic landfill be rewarded? Will baseball wunderkind Shohei Otani flee the professional fields of Japan for the major leagues? Will some mediocre celebrity be pulled from a commercial after a sleazy affair goes public? (The answer to that one is just too easy.)

To get some hint of what’s to come, we asked a few of our brave correspondents to peer into their crystal computer screens and make some bold predictions for the year ahead:

 

••••••••••••••

 

 

REALITY? WE DON’T NEED NO STINKIN’ REALITY

No1-2017-1VR

This year will start seeing people wearing VR headsets in unexpected places, as virtual reality will become even more mainstream, pushed by major brands like Sony and Microsoft. Augmented reality applications will continue to proliferate in the consumer and B2B fields. AI assistants and AI reporters will take over the writing of sports events, stock reports and other news. The few human reporters still on contract will be found sitting at their newsroom desks, dejectedly mulling over the debris from the U.S. election while sipping Family Mart coffee and chewing 7-11 doughnuts delivered by drones.

Tim Hornyak

 

GETTING OUT WHILE THE GETTING’S GOOD

No1-2017-1Guns

Sensing that a shakeup at the top could mitigate hostilities between warring factors, Tsukasa Shinobu, the Yamaguchi-gumi’s top boss, will step down in the Year of the Rooster. The past two years have not been kind to Japan’s largest organized crime group. Not only did its membership drop in a mutiny but it also became engaged in a sometimes violent dispute with the Kobe Yamaguchi-gumi, a rival gang composed of former members.

The groundwork for Shinobu’s move may have already been set. In late September, a secret meeting - dubbed “The Yakuza Summit” - between Shinobu and the bosses of the Sumiyoshi-kai and Inagawa-kai, two other top syndicates, was held in Yokohama’s Chinatown. Was the purpose of the summit to prepare for his resignation? Japan’s criminal underworld is about to find out.

Brett Bull, Editor-in-Chief, the Tokyo Reporter (www.tokyoreporter.com)

 

FORWARD TO A VERY BLEAK FUTURE

No1-2017-1Harris
This year, Japan’s auto industry will pass a momentous tipping point that could fracture the bedrock of national prosperity – the $150 per kilowatt/hour (kWh) cost of electric vehicle batteries.

This is widely seen as the level where EVs start becoming cheaper to build than conventional cars. Once it’s crossed, internal-combustion engines may disappear with head-spinning speed.

The balance point is battery cost vs. a long list of components EVs don’t need: engine block, transmission, exhaust system, gas tank and more. All those get replaced by simple, durable electric motors that have few moving parts and need no lubricants. Tipping the scale further is the lower cost of EV ownership – especially for homes with solar panels.

Although a godsend for the planet, Japan may suffer – given how much of its economy is devoted to skills-intensive making of today’s auto drivetrains. With no compensating inherent advantage in making batteries, a huge chunk of manufacturing may simply disappear along with a wide swath of auto services, since EVs need no gasoline, oil changes or timing-belt replacements.

• John R. Harris, Automobile Magazine

 

NO ROOM FOR THE VIEW

No1-2017-1Tourism

The number of inbound tourists will continue to grow at a rate that surprises even the most positive analysts at the Japan Tourism Agency. In order to cope with the hordes of people flocking to the most well-known tourist destinations, different kinds of barriers and screening mechanisms will be put in place. There will be a lottery deciding who will get to venture past Asakusa’s Kaminarimon gate and spots in the elevators that lead up to the observation deck at Tokyo Skytree will be auctioned to the highest bidder.

• Said Karlsson, Navitime for Japan Travel

 

 

IF I HAD KNOWN I WAS GOING TO LIVE THIS LONG, I WOULD HAVE TAKEN BETTER CARE OF MYSELF

No1-2017-1Robots

In a further sign of the “silver tsunami” engulfing Japan, new research reveals that by the middle of the century 98.6 per cent of articles written by foreign correspondents based in Tokyo will be about the ageing society. The remaining 1.4 per cent will be about cute robots.

Richard Lloyd Parry

 

The Times

 

 

 

WHEN A WOMENOMICS PROGRAM DISAPPEARS IN A BUREAUCRATIC FOG, DOES IT MAKE ANY SOUND?

Prime Minister Abe will meet his goals for women in management positions by first revising the target from 15 to 1.5 percent, then by including male managers who promote women and finally by including men who were born to women.

The Labor Ministry, which last year convinced exactly zero companies to apply for a subsidy that rewards firms for promoting women, will double that with an offer to cover the salaries of three female, non-regular workers plus a round of drinks for the HR bucho at a hostess club.

Finally, American Ambassador Ivanka Trump will serve as a shining example of women who fuel the Japanese economy when she inks a deal with Sanei International and then holds bilateral talks on behalf of her father, who will be busy filming the latest season of “The Apprentice” in the Oval Office, this one featuring Miss USA contestants.

 

Abigail Leonard

 

No1-2017-1Abe

 

 

 

 

THE MAN WHO WILL (STILL) BE KING

Shinzo Abe will remain as the king of global politics in 2017, for better or worse.

The conservative prime minister is the only global leader, aside from German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who enjoys a stable government. Of course, he has challenges.

The biggest international one is how he’ll deal with President-elect Donald Trump. But he also is unlikely to make progress in peace treaty negotiations with Russia and China, while North Korea is likely to remain provocative and the Japan-Korea relationship is precarious. Domestically, he has not delivered economic reforms to bring innovation.

All these questions are critical for him to push for his ultimate goal of revising Article 9 by the end of the newly set tenure of 2021.

But the best news for Abe is the fact that there are no alternatives as long as the largest opposition Democratic Party remains pathetically weak and incapable

• Ayako Mie, Japan Times

 

 

THE ODDS HAVE IT

The fake news phenomenon appears to have swept across the Pacific to Japan with reports that U.S. President Donald Trump is to open a casino on the Senkaku islands. Katsuto Momii emerges from his post-NHK retirement to become chief cabinet secretary, citing his mahjong expertise as justification to oversee the casino industry launch. “It is extremely regrettable,” says everyone. The Liberal Democratic Party finally agrees to send a cabinet minister to the FCCJ to discuss “how to bet at roulette and other important stuff.” The press conference ends in chaos after correspondents press the minister to discuss government policy, sparking threats to prosecute reporters under the state secrets act. “This is deplorable,” the minister says. “Now ask me about my favorite season.”

• Justin McCurry, The Guardian

 

 

THE SUPREME LEADER NEVER LEARNED TO PARALLEL PARK

No1-2017-1Blair

Nintendo partners with Toyota and Google to create “Super Mario Kart Driver,”an augmented reality game that is downloaded more than 25 million times on its launch day – and the stock prices of the three partners and a host of related companies go stratospheric. The game allows players to use footage streamed live from dashboard cameras of random cars to simulate a realistic driving experience, into which characters from the Mario games are superimposed. On the fourth day of release a team of North Korean-sponsored hackers uses the app to take control of thousands of cars via their onboard computers and cause hundreds of accidents, many of them fatal.

• Gavin Blair

 

 

Profile: Abigail Leonard

 No1-2017-1Leon2

A veteran producer and freelance journalist from the U.S. is on the hunt for Japan's untold stories.


by Tim Hornyak

O

n her first trip to Japan, Abigail Leonard had a brush with fate. She was on a plane flying from Tokyo to Okinawa on March 11, 2011 when the massive earthquake struck Tohoku, and – when Tepco’s nuclear power plant in Fukushima melted down – what was supposed to be a two-week cultural exchange program for overseas journalists turned into an opportunity to report on the emerging nuclear crisis.

“I was here for something that was critical and historic and identity-forming for Japanese people and a lot of foreigners who were here,” says Leonard. Her interviews with hibakusha in Hiroshima about the Fukushima radiation problem, contrasting it with the effects from the wartime atomic bombing, ended up airing on “Need to Know,” a program on the U.S. Public Broadcasting System.

Born in Boston to a lawyer father and research scientist mother, Leonard went to school in Philadelphia. A desire to do “something meaningful” after graduating, led her to a job teaching junior high for two years in New Orleans.

She later returned to university studying science and environmental reporting in a journalism program at New York University, before going back to work as a staff producer for “Now on PBS.” She also wrote for MSNBC’s “Countdown with Keith Olberman,” hosted by the acerbic popular sports and political commentator. “He was an amazing editor and writer and presenter,” says Leonard. “I learned from him how to communicate ideas really effectively – how that it’s more of an argument, building a case rather than telling a narrative.”

No1-2017-1Leonard

Leonard continued to expand her parameters, writing for “The War Room” with Jennifer Granholm, and working as a producer for CNN, ABC and Al Jazeera America, where she had the opportunity to research and produce impactful material. “We did a story on privatizing prison healthcare in Arizona that brought a lot of attention to an issue that people don’t normally care about,” says Leonard. “What we uncovered showed they were making a profit while driving the costs down as low as possible.”

THE PROGRAM WAS A brutal exposé. One female prisoner interviewed by Leonard claimed that doctors had left her with an open wound from a C-section and, when it didn’t heal properly, packed it with kitchen sugar from McDonald’s. Although Leonard’s Al Jazeera article included a dismissal of the claims from a state lawmaker who drafted the privatization legislation, allegations of mistreatment were also raised in an ACLU lawsuit that claimed prisoners were suffering “pain, amputation, disfigurement and death.” Media scrutiny of prisoner care raised awareness, and reforms were made.  

 

“I worked in the U.S. for 10 years, and you could see that good investigative journalism wasn’t getting funded.”

 

“It’s really important for democracy to have a healthy press, obviously, and that’s true now more than ever in the U.S.,” says Leonard, referring to the media fallout in the aftermath of the 2016 presidential election. She believes that funding is a key part of the disconnect between mainstream media and voters who felt marginalized and distrustful toward media like the New York Times. And that it takes money to assign reporters from power centers in New York and Washington into the heartland to do journalism than can make a difference to people. “I worked in the U.S. for 10 years, and you could see that good investigative journalism wasn’t getting funded,” she says. “And how do you even start to deal with fake news?”

She believes that it’s something that Facebook and Google are going to have to grapple with. “But the good thing that could come out of the election is that some thought is now being given into how to do better journalism and how important it is to have a free and open press. People are recognizing that and people are subscribing [to such outlets].

“It’s a critical time in American media, particularly at a time where you have a president like Donald Trump, who himself is spreading disinformation and vilifying the press. So it’s a tough time to be away from the U.S. – but for now I’m in Japan.”

LEONARD IS NOW FOCUSED on working as a freelance journalist in Tokyo after her husband was sent here to open a Tokyo office for his company in 2015. She operates out of a co-working space near Shibuya but visits the FCCJ for press conferences and PAC meetings. While doing radio stories for the BBC, she’s also been writing print pieces for the Washington Post, Newsweek, Popular Science, Vox, the New York Daily News and Newsday. She’s also written for OZY and NPR. She dislikes wacky Japan stories, the grist for many a freelancer’s mill, and is especially interested in women’s and social issues that aren’t being covered. One example of how she matches her interests to her work is a Newsweek story she did on how Japan’s declining population could lead to restrictions on women’s access to reproductive care.

“There are so many stories out there that need to be told. Personally it’s been an amazing journey. I’ve met some really incredible people and hopefully I could change things for the better in some small way.”

Tim Hornyak is a freelance writer who has worked for IDG News, CNET News, Lonely Planet and other media. He is the author of Loving the Machine: The Art and Science of Japanese Robots.

 

 

A Change in the Air(waves)

No1-2017-1TV2A scene from the Netflix drama, "Hibana."

Demographics and new technologies are having a big effect on viewing habits in Japan.


by Gavin Blair

 

Tune in to Japanese television on any given evening and you will find nothing that different from two or three decades ago. Programming is still dominated by the usual menu of variety shows packed full of segments on food and travel punctuated by excited cries of “Oishii!” and “Sugoi!” emanating from the familiar roster of celebrity faces, along with some largely formulaic dramas, the ubiquitous quiz shows and the occasional elaborate popular music program.

But take notice, for changes are afoot. A shrinking domestic market is forcing the big networks to look further afield for growth, while competition from new platforms such as Netflix and Amazon is posing challenges, but also creating opportunities.

The programming and business of the commercial broadcasters – and to a lesser extent NHK – revolves around the “Golden Time” hours of 7 to 10 pm, when the highest-rating programs and biggest-earning commercials air. And while you may not notice the difference, the shifting demographics of the domestic audience has led to a shift in content over the last 10 to 15 years to programming designed to appeal to older viewers, according to Taka Hayakawa, director of worldwide production and sales at Fuji TV. “There is no young generation, so it’s all about the ojisan and obachan,” says Hayakawa, whose career has also included writing, directing and producing for television.

 

A shrinking domestic market is forcing the big networks to look further afield for growth, while competition from new platforms is posing challenges and creating opportunties.

 

This has manifested itself most visibly in the increasing number of police detective and medical-themed dramas, with relatively simple, formulaic storylines in the primetime slots, says Hayakawa. “If it’s a detective story, you can guess the conclusion is going to be catching the bad guy; with a medical-type drama, if you can understand the first few minutes, then you will be able to work out the story.”

According to Hayakawa, these dramas are “safe and comfortable, without any edginess or feeling of danger.” He says that despite Fuji TV’s efforts to resist the shift, the broadcaster will run two dramas with such themes in its next primetime slots.

Makito Sugiyama, vice president of global business at Tokyo Broadcasting System Television, doesn’t see such a significant change in content on the terrestrial channels, although the Broadcast Satellite channels are “targeting older viewers.”

ONE CHANGE THAT HAS undeniably occurred in television viewing habits, though not one peculiar to Japan, is the growing tendency to watch programs in time-shift: either recorded, on VOD (video on demand), catch-up services or on net-based platforms such as Hulu and Amazon. The way that viewing figures are calculated in Japan was recently changed to reflect this change, bringing some cheer to the networks, which are able to show that their audiences have not dropped as much as had been thought. With the price of commercial slots based on ratings, the networks now have to devise new formulas to reflect the time-shift audience, complicated by the fact that some can watch ad-free or skip ad breaks on recorded programs.  

In addition to expanded offerings from cable and satellite networks, the Japanese TV industry now faces stiffer competition from a growing number of alternative content platforms in a now crowded marketplace. “Amazon, Netflix and other new platforms have been totally disruptive in the U.S. and are now trying the same strategy in Japan,” says Hayakawa. “Competition is getting very tough and we are only at the initial stage of disruption in Japan as they have just launched recently here. But their growth is inevitable. The Japanese TV industry is pondering how to survive in this landscape.”

 

Original content is becoming a key part of the expansion of the new platforms in Japan, mirroring the strategy of Amazon Video and Netflix’s global ambitions.

 

Definitive numbers are unavailable, but local platform Abema TV is reported to be the most popular VOD service, followed by Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, dTV and then Netflix. In terms of hours watched weekly, dTV – which was originally a mobile service launched by DoCoMo that has expanded to television – is in the lead, followed by Amazon and Netflix.

Hulu found it difficult to carve out a niche in the local market and sold its Japan operations to Nippon TV in early 2014. Since the takeover by NTV, the service has ramped up its local original programming, including a Japanese version of the German police series “The Last Cop,” which became a big draw for Hulu last year.

Original content is becoming a key part of the expansion of the new platforms in Japan, mirroring the strategy of Amazon Video and Netflix’s global ambitions. Amazon Japan has already announced 12 original series, including dramas, documentaries, variety shows, anime programs and children’s shows, with plans for more. In the summer of 2016, Netflix Japan launched “Hibana (Spark),” a 10-episode drama based on an Akutagawa Prize-winning novel by Matayoshi Naoki. As well as boosting local content, the drama was made available on Netflix in 190 countries and dubbed into around 20 languages.


No1-2017-1TVTaka Hayakawa, director of worldwide productions and sales at Fuji TV.

ALTHOUGH THE NEW PLATFORMS are a clear challenge to the legacy commercial broadcasters, the networks aren’t adopting a siege mentality, but rather working with them. Fuji TV created the drama “Underwear (Atelier)” for Netflix, and the two have formed an alliance to co-create dramas for the Asian market. Even staid public broadcaster NHK partnered with Netflix on “Tokyo Trials.” The four-part mini-series about the trials of war criminals after World War II was broadcast on NHK in December, while Netflix streamed it overseas. NHK will offer it on its own VOD service before Netflix makes it available to its subscribers in Japan.

For decades, movie production has been an important revenue stream for the commercial networks. Many of the annual box office leaders are spin-offs from drama series or other films that TV companies are involved with through a movie production committee system that brings partners from distributors, rights holders and advertising agencies together as investors. NTV has announced a movie spin-off from “The Last Cop,” due for release this spring.  

 

The emergence of the huge Chinese theatrical market at a time when relations between the two countries have thawed is creating new opportunities.

 

Few of the 400 or so Japanese films released each year generate more than minimal interest or box office overseas. But the emergence of the huge Chinese theatrical market at a time when relations between the two countries have thawed enough for Japanese films to start getting released again is creating new opportunities. Flying Colors (Billy Girl) was the third-biggest Japanese live-action film of 2015 with ¥28.4 billion ($23.6 million). Based on a true story about a waster of a high school student who suddenly decides to go to an elite university, it featured TBS as a leading company of its production committee. The film was given a wide release in China in April 2016 and took in more than $6 million. Although that is only a fraction of the $80 million that the anime hit Your Name (Kimi no Na wa) had made in China by late December, let alone the hundreds of millions that a Hollywood blockbuster can pull in there, it represents significant overseas box office success for a Japanese film.

ON THE ANIME TV series front, overseas sales have been growing exponentially over the last couple of years, helping to boost revenue for the anime industry to ¥1.83 trillion ($18 billion) in 2015. That was up by 12 percent from a year earlier, according to the Association of Japanese Animations, helped by a growth in sales of streaming rights to China of 78.7 percent.

Clearance of copyright was a major issue for online distribution of all Japanese content because the Broadcast Law and copyright are governed by different ministries. Many of the hurdles have now been overcome, but the issue remains a barrier for international distribution, according to Sugiyama of TBS: “Everyone is working toward trying to resolve this, but it’s not as simple as people think it is; clearance is difficult even for the music used in TV programs, since it may be cleared for domestic distribution, but not overseas.”

The networks don’t own the rights for all the programs they broadcast, but are often involved as co-producers of anime, receiving a share of the revenue from overseas sales. “TV stations used to sell content in stages, with first broadcast and then DVD releases. But now distribution through broadcasting, streaming and DVD sales are becoming almost simultaneous,” says Sugiyama.

Sales of formats – essentially ideas for shows – has been a long-running global success story for the TV networks. The “Dragons’ Den/Shark Tank” show, where venture capitalists decide whether or not to invest in entrepreneurs’ business ideas, has been remade in around 30 countries, but started life as “Money no Tora” on NTV in the early 2000s. Other global hits include “America’s Funniest Home Videos,” “Takeshi’s Castle” and “Sasuke/Ninja Warrior,” all of which originated at TBS, and Fuji TV’s “Iron Chef” and “Hole in the Wall.”

 

No1-2017-1TV3Jessie Graff in the “American Ninja Warrior” finals

Many observers put this plethora of ideas down in part to the large number of short segments in Japanese variety shows, which are often the birthplace of formats for programs in their own right. The low-budget nature of much of Japanese TV leads to producers being creative and often coming up with ideas for shows that can be made relatively inexpensively – another attraction for international buyers.

 

Broadcasters will likely need to follow the lead of corporations in other sectors in making investments and acquisitions abroad.

 

With younger people in particular now consuming video on a variety of devices from multiple platforms, the business model of the traditional linear broadcasters looks unsustainable. Factor in the shrinking population, and the TV networks face a particularly acute environment. In addition to aiming for further growth in overseas markets for content and ideas, the broadcasters will likely need to follow the lead of corporations in other sectors in making investments and acquisitions abroad.

Fuji TV, for example, was an early investor in Niantic, the San Francisco-based developer of worldwide smash hit augmented reality game Pokemon Go, despite not being the broadcaster of the TV anime series. The company also produced a documentary about the Pokemon Go phenomenon, in Japanese and English, that was broadcast in Japan in December and is targeted at a global audience. Such strategies and synergies are the way forward, according to Fuji’s Hayakawa, who both led the investment and acted as a producer for the documentary. “Similar to the divide between Silicon Valley and Hollywood in the U.S., the two industries are separate in Japan, but we have to combine the two in order to survive,” suggests Hayakawa.

Gavin Blair covers Japanese business, society and culture for publications in the U.S., Asia and Europe.

 

 

Is the Government Blind to Japan's Impoverished?

No1-2017-1povertyLeft to right: Chieko Kuribayashi, Yasushi Aoto and Charles E. McJilton

Activists working with the country's disadvantaged claim that the poor, especially children, are being ignored.


by Julian Ryall

 

 

D

ESPITE PRIME MINISTER SHINZO Abe’s declarations of concern over the nation’s stubbornly unyielding poverty rate, Yasushi Aoto says he has no interest in the problem that grips millions of households across the country.

Poverty, including child poverty, does not translate into sufficient votes for the ruling Liberal Democratic Party for it to be a major concern, says Aoto, who has witnessed the problem close up as chairman of the Japan Association of Child Poverty and Education Support Organizations. “To put it simply, I do not believe that Abe has any interest in child poverty, or the problem of poverty in general, and I believe this attitude is common to all conservative parties because the issue does not generate votes,” Aoto told a press conference at the FCCJ last November.

“Politicians are living in a world of immediate reality and I don’t believe they have the ability to think about the lives of children today and the people they will be in 40 or 50 years,” he said.

 

Poverty, including child poverty, does not translate into sufficient votes for it to be a major concern, says Aoto.

 

In April, a report issued by the UN Children’s Fund underlined Aoto’s concern for the most vulnerable in Japanese society, revealing that children from the poorest households here are relatively far more disadvantaged than children in most other industrialized nations. That finding is backed up by research by Aoto’s organization and others campaigning against the problem here – but who also admit that determining precise figures for poverty rates is more difficult in Japan for a number of reasons, not least because the social stigma attached to being poor causes millions of people not to claim welfare support.

“If we look at how difficult the situation has become, particularly for children, over the last 25 years, I believe there are two main reasons: education and employment,” said Aoto.

ACCORDING TO THE ASSOCIATION, 16.3 percent of Japanese households are living on less than ¥3 million a year, affecting 3.5 million children under the age of 17 – which is fully one in six of all children in the country. And looking into the future, Aoto points out, this will inevitably worsen as fewer children are born, the government’s tax revenues decline and increasing numbers of elderly people require pensions and healthcare.

The cost of a university education has similarly increased in recent decades, climbing from ¥100,000 a year in the 1970s to more than ¥500,000 a year today, even for a liberal arts course, he said. Invariably, the majority of people that Aoto’s group assists are from families that have not had a university-level education. Some are not even able to make it to senior high school; such is their lack of financial resources and support.


"I would often meet kids who were hungry and had not had anything to eat all day,"says Kuribayashi.

 

Chieko Kuribayashi is chief director of the non-profit organization, Toshima Kodomo WakuWaku Network, and was instrumental in setting up the first “children’s cafeteria” in Toshima Ward for youngsters in her community. The initiative has since been replicated across Japan and there are now 300 such centers. “I am not a teacher or a professional, but a mother who raised my children in the area,” she told the press conference. “I would often meet kids who were hungry and had not had anything to eat all that day. I started to provide learning support for children who feared they would not be able to go on to senior high school.

As well as providing a place where local children can meet up, eat together and simply spend time in a comfortable environment, the centers invite volunteer high school and university students to help the children study.

BUT THE UNDERLYING PROBLEMS are not being dealt with, in part, critics say, because the government is handing over responsibility for caring for those living below the poverty line to NGOs. “I believe the government should be doing more and that its current policies for alleviating poverty are insufficient,” Kuribayashi said. “However, citizens across the country are now learning that this problem exists. This is an opportunity to think about our children’s futures.”

Charles McJilton is executive director of Second Harvest Japan, the country’s leading food bank and a close collaborator with both local and national governments and other NGOs – and he is more aware than most of the problems facing those living on the fringes of Japanese society: he once spent 15 months living in a cardboard box in Tokyo alongside homeless people to gain a better understanding of their plight. “Within Tokyo, there are maybe 40 or 50 locations where someone can pick up hot food, an emergency meal,” he said. “In New York city, there are 1,100 places, Chicago has 600, San Francisco, even Hong Kong has 520. So why do we have so few here? We have resources, so how come we can’t reach those who are in need?”

 

"Within Tokyo, there are maybe 40 or 50 locations where someone can pick up hot food, an emergency meal," says McJilton. "Even Hong Kong has 520."

 

McJilton’s organization has set itself a goal of feeding 100,000 people in Tokyo every week by 2020 and he is calling on the government to see food safety for the most vulnerable in society in the same way as it sees healthcare provisions. All children up to the age of 16 receive free healthcare, he said. They should also have the same guaranteed access to sufficient food.

Julian Ryall is Japan correspondent for the Daily Telegraph.

 

Vaccine Battle Stakes are High

No1-2017-1MuranakaRiko Muranaka, speaking at the Club.

Riko Muranaka says the vaccine can help save the lives of 3,000 young women a year, but a libel lawsuit seems aimed at silencing support for its use.

 

by Justin McCurry

J

APAN’S REFUSAL TO OFFICIALLY recommend a vaccine that protects against cervical cancer is a threat to thousands of women who contract the illness every year, according to medical doctor and journalist Riko Muranaka, whose campaign to prove the drug’s safety has landed her in court.

Muranaka, a lecturer at Kyoto University’s school of medicine, is now fighting a libel suit after she accused Shuichi Ikeda, dean of the school of medicine at Shinshu University, of “fabricating” the results of an experiment with a single mouse that he then used to “prove” that the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine causes serious neurological conditions.

Ikeda, who had been given a grant by the health ministry to investigate alleged adverse side effects, insisted on a causal link in a TV appearance, generating alarmist newspaper headlines the following day.

The HPV jab was made available for free in late 2010 for girls between 12 and 16 years old, and became part of Japan’s national immunization program in early 2013. But just two months later, the health and welfare ministry made what Muranaka called the “unusual and perplexing” decision to keep the vaccine in the program but suspend “proactive” recommendations for it.

 

Ikeda insisted on a causal link in a TV appearance, generating alarmist newspaper headlines the following day.

 

The decision followed Ikeda’s claim and the release of a video by a group of alleged victims showing vaccinated women with serious neurological symptoms.

Since the ministry suspended its recommendation, the vaccination rate among the target age group has plummeted from 70 percent to less than 1 percent.

IN AN ARTICLE IN Wedge magazine in March of this year, Muranaka accused Ikeda of fabricating the data. “Doctor Ikeda’s data is not just about one mouse experiment,” Muranaka said at the FCCJ in November. “It is about the consequences it has for 10,000 women and their families who get cervical cancer every year in Japan, and the 3,000 women who die from it.”

“Because of his actions, more young women have decided not to get a safe and effective vaccine [that could] save their lives,” said Muranaka, whose case is not expected to reach a verdict for at least another 18 months. “I would like to ask Dr. Ikeda if he feels any responsibility for this.”

She said that the epidemiological data from around the world has shown no increase in the vaccinated group for specific diseases such as neurological diseases or auto-immune diseases. And a health ministry task force subsequently ruled out a causal link between HPV vaccine and the professed symptoms, adding that the reported cases were most likely psychosomatic. Despite those findings, the government has not made a “proactive recommendation” to reintroduce the vaccine into the immunization program.

 

There is evidence that the controversy in japan has already hit vaccination rates in Denmark and Ireland.

 

The ministry’s decision has been criticized by the World Health Organization, which fears that dubious claims about harmful side effects could lead to a global drop in vaccinations and a rise in cervical cancer cases. There is evidence that the controversy in Japan has already hit vaccination rates in Denmark and Ireland. Worldwide, about 528,000 new cases of cervical cancer are reported annually, causing 266,000 deaths. In Japan 9,300 cases of invasive cervical cancer cause 3,000 deaths a year.

While the libel case continues, the health ministry has publicly accused Dr. Ikeda of “causing misunderstanding.” According to an op-ed by Muranaka in the Wall Street Journal, the ministry statement said: “We are truly sorry his inappropriate presentation caused misunderstanding to society. Ikeda’s social responsibility is big. We found no evidence to suggest reported symptoms are related to the HPV vaccine.”

MURANAKA, WHO IS PAYING her own legal fees while accepting donations from a support group, believes many of the 3,000 Japanese women who die from cervical cancer every year could have been saved by the vaccine. She accused her opponents of “sowing the seeds for misunderstanding about the safety of the HPV vaccine that persists to this day.”

To support the claims she has made in numerous papers and articles, she cited a study of 70,960 vaccinated and non-vaccinated adolescent girls in Nagoya that found “no significant associations between 24 alleged vaccine-induced symptoms and the HPV vaccines.”

Muranaka said that she had been unfairly targeted by opponents, and that other doctors who support her stance are too scared to speak out in case they too end up in court. “Publishers refused to publish my articles, and declined to publish a book, even though they had agreed to do so,” she said. “One magazine ended my regular column since they don’t want to be involved.”

 

"I'm happy to discuss this with him within the scientific community, but he won't do that."

 

She scolded Japan’s medical society and the media for their silence. “I have asked Doctor Ikeda time and again to publish more details about his experiment and the original data, but he has failed to comply,” she said. “I hope the court will understand that the lawsuit was not the right thing to do, because Ikeda should have refuted my claims in the scientific realm. I’m happy to discuss this with him within the scientific community, but he won’t do that.”

Muranaka said that her single aim is for Japan’s government to comply with global expectations and global standards. “The voices of the victims are echoing around the world, but scientific journalists have to do the same – we have to make our voices heard around the world and publish science-based articles, or else people’s health will be at risk.”

Justin McCurry is Tokyo correspondent for the Guardian and Observer newspapers in London and writes about Japan and Korea for the Lancet medical journal.

 

 

Exhibition: Some Day, Going Back Home -- Syrian Refugee Children

 

No1-2017-1Exh

photographs by Natsuki Yasuda

 

NATSUKI YASUDA IS CURRENTLY documenting the tragic plight of the refugees of the Syrian civil war. Since it began in 2011, the worsening conflict in Syria has forced 9.5 million people – around half the population – to leave their homes. Over three million of these displaced people have been forced to leave Syria, including over 600,000 who have sought refuge in Jordan. These photographs are windows into the lives of the people there.

While at high school, Natsuki Yasuda went to Cambodia on an NGO program to document projects for young people. Now a professional photojournalist, she reports from Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Japan. Since the Tohoku earthquake her main base has been Rikuzentakata, from where she has documented developments in the disaster-hit area. In 2012 she won the eighth Younosuke Natori Photography Award for her work on Uganda’s HIV-AIDS orphans. www.yasudanatsuki.com

No1-2017-1Exh3

No1-2017-1Exh2

 

Club News

 

No1-2017-1Tour

MEDIA VISIT TO YAMATO HOLDINGS “HANEDA CHRONOGATE”

THE SPECIAL PROJECTS COMMITTEE arranged a visit to Yamato Holdings Co. Ltd’s Haneda Chronogate, the most advanced and biggest logistics hub in the world. Led by SPC committee member Kenji Obayashi, the group of nine FCCJ journalists made the visit on Dec. 14.

Opened in Sept. 2013, Haneda Chronogate is located next to Haneda Airport, close to JR Freight Container Terminals and Tokyo and Yokohama Ports. The giant integrated terminal provides seamless land, sea and air connections both in Japan and throughout the world.

The centralization of the Yamato Group’s services and capabilities, such as domestic delivery networks, forwarding (import/export cargo process management), distribution strategies at one point enables speedy and consistent logistics service to the customer.

 

SPECIAL CAMPAIGN OFFER FOR NEW ASSOCIATE MEMBERS

The FCCJ is offering a special deal for new Associate Members. Until March 31 this year, those joining are eligible for a ¥100,000 DISCOUNT off of the regular fee of ¥300,000.

If successfully approved, the applicants will be able to enjoy all the member benefits: attendance at all the major press conferences and professional and social events; dining services at the Main Bar, Pen & Quill Executive Dining area and the Masukomi Sushi Bar; special discounts on sports, arts and cultural events; free wi-fi, half-price parking, the Club’s monthly magazine; and access to reciprocal press clubs around the world.

Present members can also benefit. A ¥20,000 restaurant voucher will be given to those who introduce successfully approved new Associates. For more information, or to pick up an application form, go to the front desk.

 

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